Key facts about Ecuador. the kiss it must be love, ecuador [_MG_1719]. Ecuador is comparatively high at an average elevation of 1117 meters above sea level. Throughout Ecuador variation in rainfall primarily determines seasons. The northern Ecuadorian Andes are divided into three parallel cordilleras which run in what is similar to an S-shape from north to south: the western, central (Cordillerra Real) and eastern (Cordillera Occidental) cordilleras. This isnt unheard of, other countries also have multiple capitals (The Netherlands, Chile, Honduras all have two capitals. )arable land: 4.7% (2018 est. Manta is a city built on tuna fishing. Highest town in Colombia. )exports: 0 cubic meters (2021 est. )hydroelectricity: 77.2% of total installed capacity (2020 est. There are also fishing industry and cattle ranches in the valley. ), 77.9% (2018/19)note: percent of women aged 15-50, improved: urban: 100% of populationrural: 87.1% of populationtotal: 95.4% of populationunimproved: urban: 0% of populationrural: 12.9% of populationtotal: 4.6% of population (2020 est. (We Salute You, Our Homeland)lyrics/music: Juan Leon MERA/Antonio NEUMANEnote: adopted 1948; Juan Leon MERA wrote the lyrics in 1865; only the chorus and second verse are sung, total World Heritage Sites: 5 (3 cultural, 2 natural)selected World Heritage Site locales: Historic Quito (c); Galpagos Islands (n); Historic Cuenca (c); Qhapaq an/Andean Road System (c); Sangay National Park (n), highly informal South American economy; USD currency user; major banana exporter; hard hit by COVID-19; macroeconomic fragility from oil dependency; successful debt restructuring; China funding budget deficits; social unrest hampering economic activity, $189.88 billion (2021 est. It is visited by many international tourists if even for a short time as they pass through its international airport. ), forest revenues: 0.27% of GDP (2018 est. It also has a large series of rivers that follow the southern border and spill into the northwest area of Peru. )2.3% of GDP (2020 est. Duran is known as a dormitory town, because many residents travel to other cities and regions for work, returning at night to sleep there. )43.2% of GDP (2016 est. Quito became a seat of Spanish colonial government in 1563 and part of the Viceroyalty of New Granada in 1717. Im a traveler and photographer. It is situated on the west bank of the Guayas River, 45 miles (72 km) upstream from the Gulf of Guayaquil of the Pacific Ocean. )investment in fixed capital: 24.3% (2017 est. The almost vertical sun and the rarefied air in the higher Sierra region allow the land to warm quickly during the day and lose heat quickly at night. The city of Cuenca is Ecuador's third-largest city and is situated in the highlands at an elevation of 2,560 meters above sea level. The above blank map represents Ecuador - a country in northwestern South America. It is home to the countrys most important port (Port of Guayaquil) and most of Ecuadors import/export goods pass through here. Total number of cities: 31. Cuenca is a small, clean city located in the southern portion of Ecuador. Guayaquil was settled on July 25, 1535 and gained its independence on October 9, 1820. Most world cities fall into this "nothing special" (elevation-wise) category. ), $2.952 billion (2021 est. Guayaquil was founded in 1538 as a native village before falling under Spanish rule on gaining her independence in 1820. On a seasonal basis, the driest months are June through September. It has 2237 km of land boundaries, with Colombia in the north (708 km border) and Peru in the east and south (1,529 km border). The legal structure of the city/canton is a little confusing. Ecuador Lines of latitude indicate the distance of a location north or south of the equator (an imaginary line halfway between the North and South Pole). In its upper reaches, the Napo flows rapidly until the confluence with one of its major tributaries, the Coca River, where it slows and levels off. )consumption: 342.407 million cubic meters (2019 est. It shares maritime borders with Costa Rica. Ecuador's capital and largest city is Quito, which is in the province of Pichincha in the Sierra region. At its mouth, the river forms a broad estuary with two channels around Pun Island, the deeper of which is used for navigation. There is constant fog and drizzle in the summer and rain in the winter. Hi, Im Bryan Haines. The climate in the Sierra is divided into levels based on altitude. Santo Domingo is a city (and province) located west of Quito, in northern Ecuador. Ecuador's largest city by population is Guayaquil, which has around two million residents and is home to the nation's main port. According to the 2010 Census, there are 316,243 Ecuadorians living in the US metro area of New York-Northern New Jersey-Long Island (NY-NJ-PA MSA). )percent of population: 65% (2020 est. Guayaquil is home to the largest and most important port in Ecuador. The pleasant, spring-like temperatures throughout the year are the greatest benefit of Quito's high elevation. Main fishing products include herring and mackerel. In alphabetical order, these provinces are: Azuay, Bolivar, Canar, Carchi, Chimborazo, Cotopaxi, El Oro, Esmeraldas, Galapagos, Guayas, Imbabura, Loja, Los Rios, Manabi, Morona-Santiago, Napo, Orellana, Pastaza, Pichincha, Santa Elena, Santo Domingo de los Tsachilas, Sucumbios, Tungurahua and Zamora-Chinchipe. The city is located on the Pacific coast, south of Guayaquil and southwest of Cuenca. ), number of registered air carriers: 7 (2020)inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 35annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 5,365,261 (2018)annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 64.2 million (2018) mt-km, total: 104over 3,047 m: 42,438 to 3,047 m: 51,524 to 2,437 m: 18914 to 1,523 m: 26under 914 m: 51 (2021), total: 328914 to 1,523 m: 37under 914 m: 291 (2021), 485 km extra heavy crude, 123 km gas, 2,131 km oil, 1,526 km refined products (2017), total: 965 km (2022)narrow gauge: 965 km (2022) 1.067-m gaugenote: passenger service limited to certain sections of track, mostly for tourist trains, total: 43,950 km (2022)paved: 8,895 km (2022)unpaved: 35,055 km (2022), total: 145by type: container ship 1, general cargo 7, oil tanker 27, other 110 (2021), major seaport(s): Esmeraldas, Manta, Puerto Bolivarcontainer port(s) (TEUs): Guayaquil (2,163,151) (2021)river port(s): Guayaquil (Guayas), Ecuadorian Armed Forces: the Ecuadorian Army (Ejrcito Ecuatoriano), Ecuadorian Navy (Armada del Ecuador, Fuerza Naval del Ecuador, FNE; includes naval infantry, naval aviation, coast guard), Ecuadorian Air Force (Fuerza Aerea Ecuatoriana, FAE) (2022)note: the National Police of Ecuador (Polica Nacional del Ecuador) is under the Ministry of Government, 2% of GDP (2021 est. Ecuador encompasses a wide range of natural formations and climates, from the desert-like southern coast to the snowcapped peaks of the Andes mountain range to the plains of the Amazon Basin. In Ecuador, there are seven regions, or zones, each shaped by the following provinces: Region 1 (42,126 km 2, or 16,265 mi 2 ): Esmeraldas, Carchi, Imbabura, and Sucumbios. It is knowns as the city of the RoyalTamarind Trees. Every seventh resident lives in Guayaquil alone. Two provinces have the largest number of media outlets: Guayas has 172 media outlets and Pichincha has 130 media outlets. Let me know below! )wine: 0.09 liters of pure alcohol (2019 est. )services: 60.4% (2017 est. Ecuador is a country located on the northwestern edge of South America. [3] Guayaquil, located on the southern part of the coast is the biggest city in the country. The city of Quito in the Republic of Ecuador is the second-highest capital city in the world at an altitude of 9,350ft above the sea level. Biggest Cities In Ecuador 1. With each ascent of 200 meters (656ft) in altitude, temperature drops 1C (1.8F). Guayaquil is abeautiful coastal city and is Ecuadors most populated city. Santo Domingo de los Colorados is the biggest city in Ecuador by square footage (422 sq mi / 1,093 km2). The North and South Poles are at 90N and -90S, respectively. A border war with Peru that flared in 1995 was resolved in 1999. Check out our language learning section. ecuador cities by elevation best restaurants asbury park boardwalk ecuador cities by elevation. )note: data are in 2017 dollars, 4.24% (2021 est. . The continental regions extend the length of the country from north to south and are separated by the Andes Mountains. NEW!Interactive Color Elevation Map, Note:Please note that Ecuador Elevation Map is in alpha. Ecuador is bordered by Colombia to the north, by Peru to the south and east, and by the Pacific Ocean to the west. Mountain-Tanager Photo by Peter Wendelken. In the Sierra region, the streams and rivers are narrow and flow rapidly over precipitous slopes. Quito and most other populated areas in the Sierra are located at this temperate level. It is Ecuadors second-largest city by population. The above outline map represents Ecuador - a country in northwestern South America. Rivers may slow and widen as they cross the hoyas yet become rapid again as they flow from the heights of the Andes to the lower elevations of the other regions. The city proper must have a population of 175,000 or higher to be on the list. Why is New York called Ecuadors 3rd largest city? The elevation of the city's central square is 2,800 m (about 9,186 ft), making Quito the second-highest administrative capital city in the . ), municipal: 1.293 billion cubic meters (2017 est. Peru, Colombia. It is home to Ecuadors second-largest port, after Guayaquil. CRIMSON-MANTLED WOODPECKER Male Colaptes rivolii at the Nest in the Tandayapa Valley of northwestern Ecuador. 16m Manila , Philippines. ), deforestation; soil erosion; desertification; water pollution; pollution from oil production wastes in ecologically sensitive areas of the Amazon Basin and Galapagos Islands, party to: Antarctic-Environmental Protection, Antarctic Treaty, Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Climate Change-Paris Agreement, Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Nuclear Test Ban, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Tropical Timber 2006, Wetlands, Whalingsigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreements, particulate matter emissions: 14.91 micrograms per cubic meter (2016 est. What is now Ecuador formed part of the northern Inca Empire until the Spanish conquest in 1533. )3.81% (2019 est. Physical map of Ecuador showing major cities, terrain, national parks, rivers, and surrounding countries with international borders and outline maps. It is home to Quito International Airport and is one of two primary entry points for foreign tourists.