A more vigorous clone of M9, this rootstock produces a less brittle root system than other M9 clones. 1 review. Geneva 41 rootstock could be a good replacement for M-9 because its fruit production is as good or better and the added protection against fire blight and replant disease. Geneva 41 produces trees that are similar to the less vigorous M-9 rootstocks with good precocity and fruit size. Please pay attention to inventory numbers! The rock-star, cold-hardy apple from Minnesota. $0.50 each additional: 1 year old and last years budded are ALSO $15-unless noted see. We offer many kinds of disease-resistant and traditional rootstocks. When budded with spur-type scions, EMLA 26 should be planted on soils of higher fertility. Choosing the correct rootstock can be the difference between a tree thriving or dying on your site. A dwarfing apple rootstock in the Emla 9 class that is disease resistant and free standing. Influence on Scion Habit. well anchored tree about 20 feet tall. This stock should be considered by those who are growing apples for processing; it makes a free-standing tree between the size of M.26 and M.7, it is very productive, and it has good cold hardiness. Email: info@onegreenworld.com Cold hardy and highly resistant to fire blight and crown rot. Resistant to collar rot and fire blight. ; 20 variety max., add $1 per variety >20, 200 499 $1.50 ea. Geneva 935 Apple Rootstock dwarfs trees to 30-35% of standard height. Copyright 2023 TRECO-Oregon Rootstock & Tree Co. Inc. Rootstock - Mike and Brian's Nursery A Wholesale Tree Fruit Nursery All rootstock listed is available for tree-growing contracts. Staking and irrigation are recommended. It is good rootstock to consider for replant sites. The replant tolerant Geneva rootstocks (G.11, G.41, G.214, G.935, G.210, G.969, G.890) are much better than the available standards of Bud 9, Mark, M.9 clones, M.26 and the semi-dwarf rootstocks. Ill send an invoice, Generally sell scionwood from January through June and budwood late July to September. Size: 25% 30% of standard. Geneva 214 roots well with a few side shoots or spines that need to be removed. Log in to your account to access the best pricing based on your past purchases; also see wholesale information. Geneva Rootstocks Comparison Chart; Cornell-Geneva Apple Rootstocks for Weak Growing Scion Cultivars (2015 Fruit Quarterly v. 23-1) Apple Rootstocks Influence Mineral Nutrient Concentration of Leaves and Fruit (2015 Fruit Quarterly v. 23-2) We use a variety of semi-dwarfing and fully dwarfing rootstocks. A terrible nursery subject fairly difficult to root; many spines. This rootstock requires support and supplemental irrigation is recommended. Order Your Rootstocks $4.35 ea. Anchorage: excellent If using both rubber and parafilm, be sure rubber is outside the parafilm or be sure to cut away if decomposition hasnt taken place. 1 year seedling $4.00 1 year seedling - bundle of 10 $35.00. Woolly Apple Aphid: Very Resistant. Fruit ripens 3 to 5 days earlier than on seedling stocks. 395 Pine Tree Road, Suite 310 Ithaca, NY 14850 P: 607-254-4698 F: 607-254-5454 E: ctl-connect@cornell.edu. Resistant to collar rot and adaptable to a wide range of soils, the exception being light, sandy soils, M9-337 induces early cropping with large fruit size. On-farm trials of the Cornell-Geneva apple rootstocks in New York. Now you can propagate your own fruit trees for very low costs or preserve rare and heirloom varieties by grafting them onto to resilient rootstocks. We will ship or offer trees for pickup starting in March when trees are still dormant and when it's the optimal time for planting in your zone. Stake for the first few years. Good resistance to crown rot and fire blight, this rootstock produces trees about 11-16' tall. In two recent trials, Bud.9 has been much more tolerant of fire blight than M.9 and we are using Bud.9 under fire-blight susceptible varieties. M111 (EMLA 111) Freestanding, vigorous and well adapted to both heavy and light soils and able to withstand drought conditions. High yield efficiency. Options: Select size/type. Shipping rootstock>1to4=$10;5to9=$15;10 to19 =$20; 20 to 39=$24; 40 to 99= $23;>100=$23+$.021 each. Add $7 if you want me to sharpen off bevel to chisel. All rootstocks are roughly 1/4" diameter, approximately pencil-size. Geneva rootstock descriptions are based on New York growing conditions. Quince A is more winter hardy than other quince strains, certainly through USDA zone 5.Quince BA29-C, (65%) 100availableBench grafted BUDDED trees are $15 each, shipping is $20 up to 8 trees. Malling 26 Very productive dwarf tree but south of Pennsylvania, maybe more vigorous than expected. We ship the rootstocks starting in March until the end of May. TRECO has large acreage of premium quality Oregon rootstock planted and offers close to 30 varieties including Budagovski, EMLA, and Geneva. It is good rootstock to consider for replant sites. Malling 9 Produces a fully dwarfed tree with good fruit size and color. ; 20 variety max. I always sharpen to chisel with no bevel, thinning the stainless steel. We purchase cherry rootstocks from only the most reputable sources. Similar to Emla 26. Resistant to collar rot and apple scab. Include sharpend black,$29 or orange Knife below $27. A couple other thoughts on Geneva rootstock: - Many of the older Geneva rootstocks (specifically G11 and G41) work well for growers. Geneva 41 Apple Rootstock Small dwarf rootstock. Trees on Geneva 935 begin bearing early but staking is recommended as it is a shallow rooted rootstock. Very resistant to fire blight, woolly apple aphid, and crown and root rot. Geneva 890 Preferred- paypal (add2%) Pay Here Once Confirmed; larger orders I will produce a paypal invoice. EMLA 9 A virus-free clone of M9, EMLA 9, like other M9 clones, induces early cropping with large fruit size. Yellow Honeycrisp on B9 dwarf rootstock. Sufficient for 15 whip &tongue grafts, 30-40 buds. Any available? It should have support for certain varieties like Red Delicious, Rome and Fuji. We think G.41 is the best replacement for Malling 9 in high density plantings; GENEVA 65 Little Beauty The first introduction from the breeding program at Geneva, NY under the direction of Dr. James N. Cummins and Dr. Herb Aldwinckle. Size: 60% or standard. Some resistance to fireblight has also be demonstrated. In the orchard, the first year or two growth is very slow. We also grow several deciduous ornamental seedlings and cuttings which include maple, oak, beech, Planetree and serviceberry All rootstocks are roughly 1/4" diameter, approximately pencil-size. 2 = $9.50; 3 = $13.50; 4 = $17; 5-9 $4 each; 10 to 19 $3.50ea.- 10 variety max- add $.50 per variety >10; 20 to 49 $3 ea.- 20 variety max- add $.50 per variety >20, 50 to 99 $2.50 ea. Geneva 969 will produce trees that are 40% to 50% of seedling. It is a winter hardy rootstock with low suckering. $5; one size only: $8/2oz. This rootstock requires support and supplemental irrigation is recommended. $4.49 $4.49 - $4. The Malling 7 root systems tends to be vertically oriented; if the roots hit an inpenetrable clay pan at 12 to 18 inches, root growth usually stops and the tree runts out.MALLING-MERTON 106 Still the best of the more vigorous rootstocks precocious and productive, well-anchored. MUST BE ORDERED BY JULY 1ST. A good choice for weaker growing varieties, shows more vigor in the nursery than B.9. Very resistant to collar rot and moderate resistance to mildew and scab. Precocious and very productive. Good preciosity and cold hardiness. See the excel file in Grafted Trees, Scionwood, Bench double-grafted trees (w/interstem) are $20. Geneva210 is tolerant to apple replant disease and resistant to fire blight, collar rot and wooly apple aphid. Choose scionwood from the excel list, then email Gil@skipleyfarm.com or postmail your selections. NA 1 TO NA 3 are generally Not Available (new trees to me), but the higher the number, the better your chance -always provide alternates with every NA selection. Add to Cart Best Pricing M.26 is very, very susceptible to fire blight, burrknots, woolly apple aphids and crown rot. Order Your Rootstocks $4.35 ea. Text also works but Ill need your email if you want an invoice. $24 max (around 500). A modern, self-fertile, fireblight-resistant pear from Canada. This rootstock requires support and supplemental irrigation is recommended particularly on lighter soils. Apple Rootstocks Modern apple production has required much research and development of rootstocks with specific characteristics. Very vigorous; best used as a root-and-trunk stock, with a dwarfing interstem interposed about 16 inches above the ground. Moderately resistant to crown rot and to fire blight. You can get these rootstocks for as low as $2.95 each - see Volume Pricing above. We are using B118 & EMLA 111 rootstock with P22, M27, P2 and B10, also Mark, 10-12 interstem. A cross between M 8 and Red Standard, a hardy rootstock of, A vigorous, semi-dwarf rootstock that produces trees that is, is considered to be smaller than a half size tree. Influence on Scion Habit Geneva 202 produces trees that are 45% to 50% of seedling. It is also cold hardy and self-supporting. In fact these rootstocks for sale can be used to grow dwarf to standard sized trees. Our Address259 Seven Mile Dr,Ithaca, New York14850 USA. A modern, self-fertile, fireblight-resistant pear from Canada. It will produce a tree that is about 50-70% of standard. Burrknots and suckers are rare. Very resistant to fire blight, woolly apple aphid, and crown and root rot. The initial breeding program was started by Drs. It is adaptable to a wide range of soils; however, it is susceptible to collar rot and should not be planted on heavy soils that are not well drained. Years of experience will show us which scions will do better on which rootstocks . Willamette Nurseries is located in Oregons fertile Willamette Valley. You can graft and bud this high quality rootstocks with about 1/4 diameter. document.getElementById( "ak_js_1" ).setAttribute( "value", ( new Date() ).getTime() ); This site uses Akismet to reduce spam. Resistant to crown rot. G11(Geneva 11)Requires support. May be more tolerant to fire blight than M-9. The rock-star, cold-hardy apple from Minnesota. EMLA 26 is not as vigorous as EMLA 7, but is much easier to manage in the orchard.Supporter 4, 3/16 (55%) 100 available: Trees on Supporter 4 are more uniform than those on M-26 with little burr knotting and overgrowth, also it is more collar rot resistant. If regrade rootstocks are available, they are sold at 20% less list price. 2 sizes- 160mm x 6mm and 140mm x 3.5mm. Excellent anchorage. [35-40% size of standard tree] Slightly more vigorous than NAKB 9 337 dwarf rootstock. It is very resistant to collar rot and moderately resistant to apple scab and powdery mildew. Purchase of rootstock only is not available at this time. All rootstocks are roughly 1/4" diameter, approximately pencil-size. x1 paraffin tape, 1/2 oz. Very winter hardy, Bud 118 produces a well-anchored tree similar in size to EMLA 111 or larger. MUST BE ORDERED BY JULY 1ST. More about Pricing & Grading. Rootstocks are roughly 1/4" diameter, approximately pencil-size. Fazio said 220,000 trees have been planted on the rootstock so far. Geneva 214 originated from a planned cross in 1975 of Ottawa 3 x Robusta 5 by Cornell University and Geneva Apple Rootstock Breeding Program. Reimers strain of fire blight-tolerant seedlings. . Nic 29. It usually exhibits a, A M9 sub clone from the Netherlands. Precocious: Y We post the rootstock inventory in September. (See individual rootstock descriptions below.) Geneva 890 is a newer semi-dwarf rootstock in the EMLA 7 to EMLA 106 size class. Resistant to fire blight, crown rot and woolly apple aphid. Has some fire blight resistance, is replant tolerant and has a large dense root mass. More about Pricing & Grading. A very popular apple. [35-40% size of standard tree] Fully-dwarfing rootstock similar in size to M.9 with precocity and productivity surpassing M.9 in trials. . Fruit size often small. 20-39=$2.50 ea., 40-99+=$2.25 each, 100-499=$2 ea.,500+=$1.75 ea. Quite prone to burrknots. Moreover, you can get rootstocks for sale in bundles of 10 which are sold at a 16% discount. orders can begin as early December with requests through email. Slightly more vigorous than M9, this rootstock requires support and irrigation is recommended. An excellent choice for a free-standing, disease-resistant tree of M.7 size. Resistant to fireblight. A virus-indexed clone of M7a. FRUIT TREE SCIONWOOD: is the 1 year old wood stick variety used for grafting. The rootstock G.11, released in 2001, is the same size as M.9 T337 and has gained popularity. Requires support. It is useful for high density plantings. At OGW we offer a diversity of food plants and their companions from around the world. It is resistant to collar rot and adaptable to a wide range of soil conditions, though not light, sandy soils. American persimmon seedlings cannot be shipped to California. Geneva 214 roots well with a few side shoots or spines that need to be removed. Interstem rootstock is available same prices as bench grafted varietals. Prices of scion and rootstock are here and again at the far right as well as at the bottom of this list, Column K L and M (beige): are available trees- see grafted trees. Okulette budding bands $0.05 each, also decompose in light. It is, A cross of M 26 x Robusta 5 hybrid, G 11 is similar in vigor to, This exciting new rootstock is one of several in a series of, This rootstock was developed at the Cornell University, Geneva 41 resulted from a cross between M.27 and Robusta, Another high-performing Geneva clone, G.210 has done the, One of the high-performing Geneva rootstocks, G.214 is the, will probably be competitive with G.41 in terms of tree, ) Reportedly very fire-blight resistant and producing a tree as, This is considered to be the full dwarf tree. We do especially like MM.106 under spur-type trees and under a dwarfing interstock such as Budagovsky 9 or Malling 9. Below are the rootstocks we normally work with, if you are looking for a rootstock you do not see listed, please contact us and we may be able to source it for you. Burr Knots: N After April and before October they will have leaves and you should expect wilt. Size 50%-60% of standard. fresh from PREMIUM supplier in Oregon. Tolerant of low temperatures. Most hard of Malling series rootstocks. Red color over a yellow background. Selected for resistance to crown rot, woolly aphids and fire blight. Welcome! Available sometime in the future as a rootstockOTTAWA 3 (O.3) A winter-hardy dwarfing stock from the Canadian rootstock breeding program Malling 9 x Robin Crab. Geneva 41 produces a few side shoots in the stool bed but the biggest challenge is poor root development--leading to a lower. We will be cutting scion again in January. 1/8", 3/16" - 100 per bundle GENEVA APPLE ROOTSTOCKS COMPARISON CHART v.4 . Mature tree size may differ in other climates and growing conditions. Burr knots and suckering are minimal. We try to use rootstocks that have good disease resistance and cold hardiness for northern climates. Space 2 to 4 foot in the rowNic 29, 3/8(m9/40%), Stocky, 3 y.o., 50+ available. This stock is free standing, but will require a trellis to support heavy early crops. Retail Garden Center: Requires support. It makes a tree similar in size to EMLA 7. Not well suited for sandy soils. Tolerant of soil diseases. If traditional rootstock is not available, please consider softwood cuttings. Not compatible with Honeycrisp. Size: 85% of standard. A replacement for Geneva30 in the M7 size category with a yield efficiency similar to M9. Very resistant to fire blight, woolly apple aphid, and crown and root rot. Resistant to collar rot and woolly apple aphid. grafting putty/sealer. B118(Budagovski 118) Extremely cold hardy, semi-vigorous, freestanding requiring no support. You can order 1, 2, 50, or thousands of rootstocks. If traditional rootstock is not available, please consider softwood cuttings. Rootstocks to control tree size have been used in apple production for over 2,000 years. Adaptable to a wide range of soils. More productive than seedling.OHXF 87 Outstanding semi-vigorous clonal stock. Preserving the past, growing for the future. 2003. Geneva rootstock descriptions are based on New York growing conditions. Geneva 969 is Fire Blight (Erwinia amylovora). This rootstock requires support and irrigation is recommended. 2023 Cummins Nursery | 1408 Trumansburg Road, Ithaca, NY 14850 | (607) 269-7664 | Terms & Conditions, Phytophthora (Collar Rot, Crown Rot, Root Rot). Slightly more vigorous and productive than M9-337, M9-Pajam 2 is precocious and promotes large fruit size. ; Geneva Stock add $0.75 to each stock. Recently released by Cornell University, Geneva214 is resistant to fire blight, crown rot and wooly apple aphid. Resistant to collar rot, but susceptible to fire blight and woolly aphids. Grafting Kit $12: Includes Rubber ties 5-160mm x6mm, 10-140mm x3.5mm, 3ft. Plum-I have a few mariana 2624. Irrigate your ground prior to planting your rootstock. This rootstock has fiberous roots and does well in a wid. P.18 A Malling 4 x Common Antonovka hybrid from the great Polish rootstock breeding program at Skierniewice. MALLING-MERTON 111 Close to 80% of full standard vigor, MM.111 is more tolerant of difficult soil conditions than the other English rootstocks. Very dwarfing, between M.9 and M.27. Some suckering; nearly no burrknots. Rootstocks not only determine the overall size, vigor, and precociousness of a tree but also what soil types it can grow in, its drought tolerance and how well anchored your tree will be. Moderately resistant to powdery mildew. Size is similar to, or slightly smaller than, M26. The black one ($13) is nice because the wide blade acts like a plane. 1-877-353-4028Call Us Today! In replant situations, it is common to have lack of vigor contributing to an undersized, low yielding orchard. M7 (EMLA 7) Well anchored and good winter hardiness. May require support. A virus-indexed clone of Malling 26, EMLA 26 is more vigorous than EMLA 9, but less vigorous than EMLA 7. It is resistant to firelight, collar rot and wooly apple aphid. We post the rootstock inventory in September. I cleaned her up and she runs like a charm. Sold Out Quantity Added! Requires a permanent support system. Size: 25% 30% of standard. 160mm =50/1oz. Results will include your selected size class and similar sizes. Because fire blight is becoming so critical throughout our area, we are no longer working with M.9. The cheapy folding scissors work great! Better anchored than M.9, but at least temporary support is still recommended. EMLA 26 is susceptible to collar rot and should not be planted on wet or infected soils. Rootstocks ship in March and April during our normal tree shipping season. Good anchorage and a productive and efficient rootstock. Geneva 935 dwarfs trees to 30-35% of standard height. Confirmed for 2022 delivery late February: Rootstock Prices are $4 for 1 or 2 3-9=$3.50ea. It is tolerant to replant disease. Roots begin growing here in April. Trees on Geneva 935 begin bearing early but staking is recommended as it is a shallow rooted rootstock. Geneva41 is very cold hardy and precocious. A good replacement for G30 without the graft union brittleness. This rootstock should only be used with virus free wood due to latent viruses. 2021 CopenHaven Farms | All Rights Reserved, Phone (503)-985-7161 | Fax (503)-985-7876 | info@copenhavenfarms.com. Geneva 41 is immune to fire blight, crown rot and wooly apple aphid. Light suckering. Well adapted to many climates, but does best in deep fertile soils. Females have a sweet 1-2 inch orange fruit in fall. Very precocious, M9-NIC 29 promotes large fruit size and early cropping. If regrade rootstocks are available, they are sold at 20% less list price. Suckering can be a problem with some interstem trees. Disease Resistance. Decompose in UV, not oxygen as in the older red rubbers. Rootstocks not only determine the overall size, vigor, and precociousness of a tree but also what soil types it can grow in, its drought tolerance and how well anchored your tree will be. [40-45% size of standard tree] Good precocity. Monday Sunday: 10:00am-5:00pm, Office Hours: Some reports that fruit size is smaller, but this may be due to excessively heavy fruit setQUINCE A A Fully dwarfing rootstock, with very heavy production. Copyright 2021 summittreesales.com | All Rights Reserved. But, which rootstock you use depends on your site, goals and scion. Resistant to collar rot and fire blight. number of salable plants resulting in higher rootstock production cost. ; add $1 per variety >20, 500-999 $1.25 ea. Superior rooting compared to other 9 clones. Your email address will not be published. Resistant to woolly apple aphid, but susceptible to collar rot. Geneva 41 rootstock could be a good replacement for M-9 because its fruit production is as good or better and the added protection against fire blight and replant disease. Royalties apply to members of the Geneva series at $0.30 per plant except Geneva 11 which is $0.15 per plant; Pajam 2 at $0.02 per plant; and Bud 10 at $0.20 per plant. Find many great new & used options and get the best deals for QTY 3 MID DWARF APPLE ROOTSTOCKS GENEVA G935 READY TO GRAFT MAKE YOUR OWN TREE! This column count changes almost daily in winter/spring (date at top) during winter/spring, so keep tabs. Slightly more vigorous than Budagovsky 118, about 95% of standard. Resistant to crown rot, fireblight, and the woolly apple aphid; tolerant of replant disease. 140mm =100/1 oz. Susceptible to fire blight. Highly recommended for those diploid varieties where vigour is necessary to bring the apples to a good size.Geneva 11,(35%) 2020. 10-19 $3 EA. The primary goals are to: reduce the tree size for manageability reduce labor to increase fruit production per acre improve fruit quality disease resistance where possible The Geneva rootstock we grow are treated with an anti-desicant when packed into storage bins. Exceptional winter hardiness. The replant tolerant Geneva rootstocks (G.41, G.214, G.935, G.210, G.969, G.890) are much better than the available standards of Bud 9, Mark, M.9 clones, M.26 and the semidwarf rootstocks. Staking and supplemental irrigation are recommended. They are sensitive to drought- so drip irrigate on a schedule.Bud 10 3/16(35%) Bud 9 and bud 10 have exceptional winter hardiness, crown rot resistance (phytophthora), promotes open scion growth, and produces crops in two to three years with a yield efficiency like that of M-9. Geneva 41 shows to be resistant to replant disease and appears to be winter hardy with no damage following the test winter of 1994. They are stronger-rooted than emla27,p22 and p2 and usually free-standing. Our stock is Dormant, oct-March. Moderate suckering. Inventory Size: 1/8" 4-5mm Amount: 47 Size: 3/16" 5-7mm Amount: 7422 Size: 1/4" 7-9mm Amount: 19469 Size: 3/8" 9-12mm Amount: 0 Size: 1/2" 12+mm Amount: 0 Counts: Actual 2020ONE GREEN WORLD. Lauded in the Northeastern U.S. as a rootstock for a free-standing tree, it's only recently been tested in the Northwest in trellised systems. We ship using a PayPal platform which requires email and that way you get tracking. Suckering can be a problem. No burrknot tendencies!ANTONOVKA This seedling rootstock is grown from seeds imported from Poland. Most precocious and productive of the semi-dwarfing rootstock. You can get these rootstocks for as low as $2.95 each see Volume Pricing above. Recommended for dry, sandy sites. In some test plantings subjected to unusually high winds, there has been union breakage of Gala trees on G.30. They have been planted on large scales and information exists on potential challenges. Similar in size to M26, Geneva202 is precocious and productive. Quantity. Please send along address and preferred shipping date, and preferred diameter-default is 3/16-1/4 with 1/8 often the case. The excel file has tabs on apple scion and stone fruit -plums Cherries, peach (Frost only), About 300 varieties available through April, Rootstock is listed in apples at the top. Required fields are marked *. Requires support. Once planted, water in immediately. It is well anchored and does not require staking. Geneva rootstock descriptions are based on New York growing conditions. It is more fireblight resistant than EMLA 7 and produces trees that are more precocious than trees grown on EMLA 7. at the best online prices at eBay! Not compatible with Honeycrisp. these are available RIGHT NOW. Very fast method to tie off buds. Trees on Geneva 935 begin bearing early but staking is recommended as it is a shallow rooted rootstock. It is well anchored and resistant to wooly apple aphid and collar rot. [60% size of standard tree]This rootstock is precocious, fire blight and woolly apple aphid resistant and cold hardy. 1 scion (8.5 typical) should make 3 or 4 2-bud grafts. It can be used for T budding because of the rounded nose where you roll the blade over the scion. It is similar to EMLA 7, but has better anchorage, higher production and fewer burr knots. It is also susceptible to fire blight and should not be used in combination with fire blight susceptible varieties. Not quite so brittle as Malling 9, but staking is still strongly advised.BUDAVGOSKY 10 (Red-Leaved Paradise) (Bud )BUDAVGOSKY 118 (Bud.118) About the same vigor as MM.111, but as winter-hardy as Antonovka. Click here for additional information on the Geneva series. A late-blooming, crack-resistant tart cherry with red flesh. Moderate vigor, about 70% the size of trees on seedling, EMLA 106 is heavy cropping and resistant to wooly apple aphid. 8oz.$24/8oz. Somewhat precocious. A standard, disease-resistant rootstock for sweet and tart cherries, A peach rootstock commonly used in California, An M.9 class rootstock that is resistant to replant disease, A dwarfing rootstock that is 35% of standard with multiple disease resistances and winter hardiness, A semidwarf rootstock that is more productive and disease resistant than M.26, A Geneva release in the M.26 class that is resistant to woolly apple aphid, Slightly more vigorous than M.26 with improved anchorage and productivity, and woolly aphid resistan, An MM.106 class rootstock that has multiple resistances and good anchorage. Resembles Malling 9 in growth with numerous lateral branches. Replant Disease: Resistant Extremely difficult to propagate, so much so that we have never been able to get it into commerce.